There are three General Categories of Counseling...
Traditional Psychological Counseling
Integrated Christian Counseling
Traditional Psychological Counseling makes an earnest attempt to help hurting people find wholeness as they use over 200 different, sometimes conflicting, psychological approaches for diagnosis and treatment. Psychological Counselors will select from Freud, Jung or Adler’s differing approach to psychoanalysis, Skinner’s behavior modification school, Rogerian reflection, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, or other psychological approaches. Some will even mix and match differing psychological models as they attempt to assist those in need. It is important to note, however, not only were these well-known psychologists and psychiatrists not Christians, but in many cases their moral foundations and approach to the human condition were the antithesis of Biblical thinking.
Integrated Christian Counseling attempts to integrate Christian principles and terms into the plethora of psychological approaches, often leaving the Counselee just as confused and in need as they were before counseling.
Biblical Counseling is founded on the premise that God, as Creator, is the only One who has the answers to man’s brokenness and that His solutions are more effective than those devised by man (Colossians 2:1- 10). In fact, the solutions for man’s brokenness and guidance into a full, abundant life are found only in Scripture (2 Timothy 3:16 & 17). The Biblical Counselor’s dependence on God’s Holy Spirit, prayer and use of Scripture as the guide makes Biblical Counseling distinctively different from the other approaches and extremely effective.